Every ecoin or fraction of an ecoin starts life the same way – as a hidden number that must be “found” by a computer that is mining (doing calculations) to find the ecoins.  Once an ecoin is found it is placed in a digital “wallet”.   It stays in the digital wallet.  If the owner wants to sell, give or trade the ecoin (or fraction of the ecoin), they will send the number of ecoins to the recipient’s ecoin wallet address (likely a long string of numbers and digits).

There are many reasons cited as benefits for buying and selling with ecoins rather than currency or credit.  Some of the most popular are:

(1)  The buyer can remain anonymous to the seller.  In the “real” world you can walk into a store, buy something with cash and remain anonymous.  This is not really an option online since almost all transactions you to create an account and use a credit card or bank account.  Ecoins and other crypto currencies allow the buyer to pay for goods and services online without revealing his or her identity to the seller.

(2) Transaction fees are typically less than other digital or credit options.  Credit card and debit transactions fees can range from 2% to 10% of the actual purchase.  Ecoins transaction fees are typically less than 1%.  Many are as low as .02%.  Basically ecoins cut out the banks in the middle and the transaction fees that come with them.

(3) It is extremely (if not impossible) to counterfeit ecoins because validity requires over 50% of all the computers on the peer to peer network to agree that the ecoin is real.  That is like waking into your local store, paying with a $100 bill and having every person in the U.S. look at the bill and only if a majority agree will it be considered a “real” $100 dollar.

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